Drug and Poison Information Resources on the Internet,. Identification and Evaluation. Part 2: Carlo A. Marra, Pharm.D., Bruce C. Carleton, Pharm.D., Larry D. The Victorian Poisons Information Centre (VPIC) commenced operation in It was located at the Royal Children's Hospital from to In August. Poison Information Resources: Its Role In Prevention And Management of Poisoning. Shanmuga Sundaram R1*, Reshma UR2, Venkat Paluri2. ment of.


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In practice, at least dedicated, trained, full-time poison information specialists are required: The medical toxicologist Medical toxicology is the discipline concerned with the harmful effects of chemicals, including natural substances, on humans, although its scope is broader than simply the clinical aspects of the subject.

A medical toxicologist is a qualified physician with several poison information resources experience in the treatment of cases of poisoning poison information resources a grounding in such areas as emergency medicine, paediatrics, public health, internal medicine, intensive care, and forensic medicine.

Clinical experience in occupational diseases and in diseases caused by pollutants and other chemicals of environmental origin is particularly relevant.


Experience in clinical toxicology is essential, and poison information resources in toxicological research is also valuable. The medical toxicologist may provide expert advice to national decision-making bodies, and is often responsible for training at hospitals and medical faculties, and takes part in the multidisciplinary teaching of toxicology at university level.

Poison information resources or she must keep abreast of the latest developments in all areas of the discipline, including analytical and experimental toxicology. In the specific field of information, the medical toxicologist must be able to organize and compile a comprehensive dossier on poisons and their effects, based on the available material and personal experience, to train junior toxicologists and the centre's information poison information resources in collecting and interpreting data, and to give appropriate information in response to enquiries.

Poison Information Resources: Its Role In Prevention And Management of Poisoning

It is particularly important for medical toxicologists to undertake the systematic collection and evaluation of clinical observations, as these constitute a major source of information for the poison information centre.

The medical director of a poison information centre should be the most experienced of its medical toxicologists and the best equipped to take responsibility for medical decisions, treatment poison information resources, and the promotion of research. The poison information specialist For the purpose of these guidelines, the personnel directly in charge of the round-the-clock response to enquiries are termed poison information specialists.

They must be appropriately trained and able to carry out the basic functions of a poison centre, with the support of a medical toxicologist, preferably a clinician treating poison victims.

They should be able to give information to all types of enquirer on the basis of duly evaluated data available at the centre and in accordance with agreed patient management poison information resources.


In cases where information is not available at the centre, they should know how it may be obtained. They must also know when to consult poison information resources medical toxicologist or adviser in a special area and should be able to record details of enquiries, cases, or consultations, using a standardized method.

In many situations, poison information specialists will help evaluate the data used at the poison information resources. With additional qualifications or experience in information management and computing, they can play a useful role in the organization and management of records kept at the centre.

TOXINZ Poisons Information l Point of Care Poison Information Resource l EBSCO | EBSCO Health

Poison information specialists may be drawn from many different disciplines, including various branches of poison information resources, pharmacy, nursing, chemistry, biology, and veterinary science.

In each case, training for the specialized work of a poison information centre is essential and should be a continuing process so that they all remain abreast of new developments in toxicology.

Information specialists should have the opportunity to participate in appropriate scientific meetings in their own countries and elsewhere. Training should lead to an officially recognized certificate or other poison information resources All members of the information team should take part in the different activities of the centre, e.

Regular discussions among the team on interesting cases and various toxicological problems should be encouraged as a means of making each member aware of new developments and promoting a harmonized approach to poisoning and patient management.

Drug and poison information resources on the Internet, Part 2: Identification and evaluation.

Periodic poison information resources among poison information centres within a country, or from the various countries of a region, should also be encouraged in order to discuss similar topics.

Veterinary expertise The widespread use poison information resources veterinary drugs and the addition of chemicals to animal feedstuffs, unless carried out under veterinary supervision, can lead to contamination of poison information resources food.

The effects of toxic substances on animals are often unique, and their diagnosis and appropriate management require the expertise of trained veterinarians.

Furthermore, cases of exposure of animals to environmental chemicals may provide early warning of the potential exposure of humans. It would be highly desirable for poison information centres to have access to specialist veterinary knowledge in order to be able to recognize and respond to problems of animal poisoning as well as to advise on the risks of human exposure to drugs used for animals.

Administrative and support staff A centre should have at least one secretary and, if possible, clerical staff to assist in the establishment, maintenance, and updating of the information system.

Guidelines for poison control

Provision should be made for the maintenance and cleaning of equipment and facilities at the centre; this is often the responsibility of the administration of the building where the centre is located.

The administrative staff of a poison information centre should be qualified to manage and supervise its financial poison information resources, equipment needs, and operational requirements, as well as dealing with routine personnel matters.


Ideally, there should be a senior administrator or administrative director in charge of all these activities, with suitable support staff and clearly defined responsibilities that do poison information resources overlap with those of the medical director.

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